RODENT EXTERMINATION SERVICES
Wheeler’s Rodent Control treatments follow the Center for Disease Control Guideline for Rodent Control and Rat Cleanup.
Rats and mice are the most troublesome and damaging rodents in Sounthern California. They contaminate food with their urine and droppings; they damage structures and property, and transmit parasites like fleas, lice and mites. They also transmit a number of diseases to humans. Rats biting through wires are known to cause over 45,000 building fires per year with another 95,000 plus fires that are probably caused by rodents chewing through home wiring. Calling a Wheeler’s exterminator at first signcan prevent wire damage.
Rodents will come in your home or building in search of shelter, food, water. Without rodent control services, their numbers can increase 10, 20, 30 fold or more in a few months. So you will need to make hire a rodent extermination company like Wheeler’s when you suspect rats have invaded your attic, subarea, walls voids, under decks , porches and other hard to reach places.
Because their instincts make them wary of new things in their area, rodent control, like trapping and baiting may be a time consuming task and may be a failure for those that don’t know how to control these animals. Calling in a professional rodent exterminator with the experience of getting rid of these pests as soon as possible can save you time, money and headaches.
The following will help educate you and what should be done if you have rat problems. It will take you through the types of rats we have in Orange County and Los Angeles, and San Diego Counties, how to spot a potential rodent infestation, rodent proofing, habitat modification measures to take, baiting, animal trapping and general biology of these animals.
SPOTTING A RAT INFESTATION
Rats invade your home or commercial building, unless your house is truly rodent proof, it is only a matter of time before you find evidence like droppings indoors. Experience has shown it is less time consuming to control rodents before their numbers get too high.
Check your yard and home thoroughly. If you can answer yes to any of the following question you may have a brewing rodent problem:
- Do you have any rodent droppings on the concrete around your home or business?
- Do you hear noises coming from the attic or walls just after dusk?
- Have you found remnants of nests behind appliances, draws or in garage?
- Does your dog or cat bring home dead rats?
- Do you a flea or mite problem but have no pets?
- Is your dog or cat losing its hair in large patches?
- Is there evidence of rats or some rodent feeding on the fruit on your trees?
- Do you see rat burrows among plants or near garbage cans?
- Do you see rats traveling along utility lines, fence tops or in trees after dusk?
- Are there grease rub marks caused by the rats rubbing their fur against beams, rafters, pipes, and walls?
- Have you removed dead rats or mice from your swimming pool or hot tub?
- Do you see droppings on the insulation in your attic?
- Is the door sweeps on the garage door damaged or looked chewed on?
Rodent Sanitation and Clean up
Sanitation is basic to control and must be continuous. If sanitation measures are not maintained, the benefits of other measures will be lost, and rats will quickly return. Good housekeeping in and around buildings will reduce available shelter and food sources for Norway and, to some extent, roof rats. Garbage, trash, and garden debris should be placed in garbage cans with tight-fitting covers. Pet food should not be left outside. Always store pet food in rodent-proof containers.
For Roof rats, thinning dense vegetation will make the habitat less desirable. Climbing hedges such as ivy, star jasmine, and honeysuckle on fences or buildings are very conducive to infestations and should be either thinned or removed if possible, overhanging tree limbs within 3 feet of the roof should be trimmed back.
Rodent Proofing for rats and mice
Sealing rats out is the most successful and long lasting form of control in buildings. Seal cracks and openings in building foundations, and any openings for water pipes, electric wires, sewer pipes, drain spouts, and vents. Use sheet metal, stainless steel mesh to cover possible entry points. No hole larger than 1/4 inch should be left unsealed to exclude both rats and house mice. Make sure door sweeps, windows, and screens fit tightly. Because rats and house mice are excellent climbers, openings above ground level must be plugged. Rat proofing against roof rats usually requires more time to find entry points than for Norway rats because of their climbing ability. Roof rats often enter buildings at the roof line area so be sure that all access points in the roof are sealed. If roof rats are travelling on overhead utility wires, Contact the utility company for information and assistance with measures that can be taken to prevent this.
RAT PROOFING AND EXTERMINATION CHECK LIST:
- Repair or replace damaged ventilation screen around the foundation and under eaves.
- Provide a tight fitting cover for the crawl space.
- Seal all openings around pipes, cables, and wires that enter through walls or the foundation.
- Be sure all windows that can be opened are screened and that the screens are in good condition.
- Cover all chimneys with a spark arrester.
- Make sure internal screens on roof and attic air vents are in good repair.
- Cover rooftop vents in excess of 2 inches in diameter with screens over their tops.
- Make sure all doors are tight fitting and weatherproofed at the bottom.
- Seal gaps beneath garage doors with a weather-stripping.
- Install self-closing exits to clothes dryer vents to the outside.
- Keep side doors to the garage closed, especially at night.
RAT & MOUSE TRAPPING AND EXTERMINATION
To control rats & mice in a building is the safest and most effective method for rodent control in homes and businesses. Baiting inside homes to control the problem is not recommended because the dead rodents may end up in the wall, attic or other hard to reach place. While trapping is generally recommended for rodent control indoors, when the number of them around a building is high, you will need to use either baits to exterminate large number and gain adequate control, especially if there is a continuous re-infestation from surrounding areas. Enclosed bait stations, are place around the building. They are checked and refilled every two months to maintain a steady supply of bait for the rodents.
TYPES OF RODENTS IN ORANGE COUNTY, LOS ANGELES, AND SAN DIEGO.
NORWAY RAT EXTERMINATION
This animal is sometimes called sewer rat. It is a stocky burrowing rat that is larger than a roof rat. This rat burrows along building foundations, beneath rubbish or woodpiles, and in the and around gardens and fields. This rat will line their nests with shredded paper, cloth, or other fibrous material. When a Norway rat invades buildings, they usually remain in the basement or ground floor.
ROOF RAT EXTERMINATION
This rat is sometimes called a black rat. They are slightly smaller than the Norway rat. A roof rat’s tails is longer than their heads and bodies combined.
Roof rats live and nest above ground in shrubs, trees, and dense vegetation such as ivy. In buildings, this rat is most often found in enclosed or elevated spaces in attics, walls, false ceilings, and cabinets while rats are much larger than mice, young rats can be confused with mice. While both rats and mice gnaw on wood, rats leave much larger tooth marks than those of a mouse.
Call Wheeler’s Rodent Control Services Today at 1-877-595-2847.
BIOLOGY OF RATS AND MICE
Rats and mice are mostly active at night because they have poor eyesight, but they make up for this with a keen sense of hearing, smelling, taste, and touch. They constantly explore and learn about their environment, memorizing the locations of pathways, obstacles, food and water, shelter, and other elements. Rats quickly detect and tend to avoid new objects placed into a familiar environment. Objects such as rat traps and rat baits often are avoided for several days or more following their initial placement.
Mice are just the opposite of rats and are very curious about new things in there environment. Both Norway and Roof rats may gain entry to structures by gnawing, climbing, jumping, or swimming through sewers and entering through the toilet or broken drains. While Norway rats are more powerful swimmers, roof rats are more agile and are better climbers.
Norway and Roof rats do not get along. The Norway is larger and more dominant. It will kill a roof rat in a fight. When the two occupy the same building, a Norway rat will dominate the lower levels while roof rat occupy the higher levels. Rats, especially young rats, can squeeze beneath a door with only a 1/2-inch gap. If the hole isn’t large enough to get through, the rat will gnaw to enlarge the gap Norway rats eat a wide variety of foods but mostly prefer cereal grains, meats, fish, nuts, and some fruits. When searching for food and water, Norway rats usually travel an area of about 100 to 150 feet in diameter. The Female Norway rat has four to six litters per year and may successfully wean 20 or more offspring annually.
Roof rats eat a wide variety of foods, but their food favorites are fruits, nuts, berries, slugs, and snails. Roof rats are especially fond of avocados and citrus and often eat fruit that is still on the tree. The roof rat’s favorite habitats are off the ground in attics, trees, overgrown shrubbery or vines and climb down to a food source. Roof rats travel up to 300 feet for food. They may live in the landscaping of one residence and feed at another. They can often be seen at night running along overhead utility lines or fence tops. They are very agile climbers, which enables them to quickly escape predators. The average number of litters a female roof rat has per year is three to five with from five to eight young in each litter.
Mice will feed on almost anything a rat would eat. They don’t need a water source because they can get enough from the foods they eat. Therefore their urine is very concentrated. Mice don’t travel very far from there nest.
CALL WHEELERS PEST CONTROL FOR YOUR RODENT PROBLEMS